Geography of ChhapraGeographically Chhapra, a city and headquarters of the Saran district in Bihar, is located at 25.7848°N Latitude and 84.7274°E Longitude. With an elevation of 36 metres (118 ft) it is situated near the confluence of rivers Ganges and Ghaghara. Patna, the capital of Bihar is located 70 kms from Chhapra. Due to the presence of naturally fertile soil, the land is largely arable. It is ideal for agriculture and sugarcane and maize are the predominant crops grown in the area.
Climate of ChhapraChhapra witnesses tropical climate. . In winter there is much more rainfall in Chhapra than in summer. The average annual temperature in Chhapra is 24.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1059 mm. The driest month is February with 2 mm. Most precipitation falls in July, with an average of 328 mm. The warmest month of the year is May with an average temperature of 33.1 °C. In January, the average temperature is 18.5 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. The average temperatures vary during the year by 14.6 °C.
River System in ChhapraThe Ganges river forms southern boundry of Chhapra in Saran. Siwan and Gopalganj lies at southern end of Chhapra. River Gandak that passes through the region divides Chhapra from Vaishali and Muzaffarpur districts in the east. Siwan in Bihar and Balia in Uttar Pradesh constitutes western boundary of Saran. The Ghaghra forms a natural boundary between Saran and Ballia.
Topography and SoilChhapra is a part of the Indo-Gangetic plains and the soil is mainly the Gangetic alluvium of the plains. This soil is mainly the young loam rejuvenated every year by constant deposition of sand, clay and silt usually brought by the floods. In fact, Chhapra is one most flood affected cities of the district. Although the district is made up entirely of plains, there are several depressions and marshes as well due to the Ganges and the Ghagara.
Geography of Chhapra at GlanceDistrict: Chhapra (Saran)
Region: Indo-Gangetic Plains
Geographical Area: 2341 sq km
Altitude: 118 feet (36m) above sea level
Latitude: 25.78 degrees N
Longitude: 84.72 degrees E
Population (2011): 212,955
Average Temperature: 30 degrees C (Max), 18 degrees C (Min)
Rainfall: 1166 mm
Time Zone: IST (UTC +5:30)